A bone fracture is also known as a bone break. Essentially, a fracture refers to any break in bone continuity. This break may be a fairly small one or it may be a very severe one in which the bone breaks through the skin (a compound fracture.) In the most extreme examples, for example, a gunshot wound, the bone may fracture and then shatter into pieces.
Fractures happen when too much force is placed on the bone. Since bones are quite strong and rigid, they do have the ability to bounce back from impact to some degree. However, extreme force will push the bone past its ability to rebound and a fracture will result. People who suffer from osteoporosis are more likely to suffer from fractures because their bones are weakened. Even non-severe impact could potentially cause a fracture in an osteoporosis sufferer.
One of the most common types of fracture is the stable fracture. In this kind of fracture, the bone has not been significantly altered and the two broken pieces line up almost perfectly, showing a vertical line where the break is. With a compound fracture, the bone has pierced the skin and the bone can often be clearly seen. In a transverse fracture, the line is horizontal rather than vertical. In oblique fractures, the line moves at an angle. Finally, comminuted fractures cause the bone to splinter into 3 or more parts.
To repair a fracture, the orthopaedic surgeon must place the bone back in its ideal position surgically. To keep the bone from shifting again, some type of immobilization (commonly a cast) is often used. In severe cases, traction may be used to slowly and steadily pull the bones into place. Another option for complicated breaks is the external fixation device. This device uses pins and screws to keep the bones in place as they heal.
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"There are many orthopedic doctors in Brevard county & Dr. Lombardo is the very best one w/ out a doubt. He is very sports oriented & thus has a great deal of knowledge."
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"I underwent bilateral knee replacement and could not be happier with the results. I am feeling great. I recovered faster than I though I would. I love Dr. Lombardo."
"I would recommend him to anyone. He has a wonderful bedside manner and is an amazing surgeon."
"Dr. Vliegenthart saved my left arm back in 1988. He corrected a botched surgery that almost cost me use and or loss of."
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"Dr. Harrison has done both my should surgeries and I can't say enough good things about him. He helped ease my mind and my recovery was incredible."
"HE did the surgery with a plate and 9 screws. I had my follow up care...and the surgeons were impressed with his work. I recovered well enough to be back on the job"
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